Optical Properties of the Products of α-Dicarbonyl and Amine Reactions in Simulated Cloud Droplets
Secondary organic aerosol makes up a significant fraction of the total aerosol mass, and a growing body of evidence indicates that reactions in the atmospheric aqueous phase are important contributors to aerosol formation and can help explain observations that cannot be accounted for using traditional gas-phase chemistry. In particular, aqueous phase reactions between small organic molecules have been proposed as a source of light absorbing compounds that have been observed in numerous locations. Past work has established that reactions between α-dicarbonyls and amines in evaporating water droplets produces particle-phase products that are brown in color. In the present study, the complex refractive indices of model secondary organic aerosol formed by aqueous phase reactions between the α-dicarbonyls glyoxal and methylglyoxal and the primary amines glycine and methylamine have been determined. The reaction products exhibit significant absorption in the visible, and refractive indices are similar to those for light absorbing species isolated from urban aerosol. However, the optical properties are different from the values used in models for secondary organic aerosol, which typically assume little to no absorption of visible light. As a result, the climatic cooling effect of such aerosols in models may be overestimated.
© 2012 American Chemical Society
Published in final form at:
K. J. Zarzana, D. O. De Haan, and M. A. Freedman, C. A. Hasenkopf, and M. A. Tolbert, "Optical properties of oligomers formed by reactions of α-dicarbonyls and amines in simulated cloud droplets," Envrion. Sci. Technol. 46 (9) 4845-4851 (2012).
Zarzana, Kyle J.; De Haan, David O.; Freedman, Miriam A.; Hasnkopf, Christa A.; and Tolbert, Margaret A., "Optical Properties of the Products of α-Dicarbonyl and Amine Reactions in Simulated Cloud Droplets" (2012). Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications. Paper 25.