Description

Upon pathogen challenge multiple receptors both inside and on the surface of the cell, recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiate the production of proinflammatory, antiviral, and apoptotic responses. Pathways converge at key hubs that serve to amplify and regulate the signals, and are often responsible for determining the downstream response. TANK Binding Kinase 1 (TBK1) serves as a catalytic hub in the antiviral TLR3 mediated innate immune pathway. Suppressor of IKK epsilon (SIKE) is a recently identified high affinity alternative substrate of TBK1. It was initially found to inhibit TBK1 activation of type 1 interferon production. Upon subsequent study, it was found that SIKE was phosphorylated at six serine residues by TBK1. This phosphorylation of SIKE corresponds to the activation of the antiviral response, and releases SIKE from the SIKE:TBK1 interaction. The primary function of SIKE remains unknown. Examination of SIKE's interaction network has established direct interactions with cytoskeletal proteins including tubulin and actinin. Migration assays have shown that chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells in which SIKE has been knocked out migrate at a slower rate. Together, these studies suggest that SIKE plays a role in cytoskeletal rearrangements associated with innate immune responses such as migration and phagocytosis. The goal of this study is to define the interaction surface of SIKE as well as the binding affinities associated with these interactions. A quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) assay was developed to obtain binding affinities for the SIKE:cytoskeletal protein complexes. A gold sensor was utilized and functionalized with protein G and His antibody to which 6xHis-SIKE was immobilized. Increasing concentrations of binding partner were flowed over the chip to develop a binding curve. Prior to examining SIKE:cytoskeletal protein interactions, SIKE's oligomeric state was defined by crosslinking s

Share

COinS
 

Parameters that define Suppressor of IKK epsilon (SIKE): cytoskeletal protein interactions revealed through determination of binding affinities and SIKE?s dimer interface

Upon pathogen challenge multiple receptors both inside and on the surface of the cell, recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiate the production of proinflammatory, antiviral, and apoptotic responses. Pathways converge at key hubs that serve to amplify and regulate the signals, and are often responsible for determining the downstream response. TANK Binding Kinase 1 (TBK1) serves as a catalytic hub in the antiviral TLR3 mediated innate immune pathway. Suppressor of IKK epsilon (SIKE) is a recently identified high affinity alternative substrate of TBK1. It was initially found to inhibit TBK1 activation of type 1 interferon production. Upon subsequent study, it was found that SIKE was phosphorylated at six serine residues by TBK1. This phosphorylation of SIKE corresponds to the activation of the antiviral response, and releases SIKE from the SIKE:TBK1 interaction. The primary function of SIKE remains unknown. Examination of SIKE's interaction network has established direct interactions with cytoskeletal proteins including tubulin and actinin. Migration assays have shown that chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells in which SIKE has been knocked out migrate at a slower rate. Together, these studies suggest that SIKE plays a role in cytoskeletal rearrangements associated with innate immune responses such as migration and phagocytosis. The goal of this study is to define the interaction surface of SIKE as well as the binding affinities associated with these interactions. A quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) assay was developed to obtain binding affinities for the SIKE:cytoskeletal protein complexes. A gold sensor was utilized and functionalized with protein G and His antibody to which 6xHis-SIKE was immobilized. Increasing concentrations of binding partner were flowed over the chip to develop a binding curve. Prior to examining SIKE:cytoskeletal protein interactions, SIKE's oligomeric state was defined by crosslinking s

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.