Heterogeneous Ice Nucleation on Simulated Secondary Organic Aerosol

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In this study, we have explored the phase behavior and the ice nucleation properties of secondary organic aerosol made from aqueous processing (aqSOA). AqSOA was made from the dark reactions of methylglyoxal with methylamine in simulated evaporated cloud droplets. The resulting particles were probed from 215 to 250 K using Raman spectroscopy coupled to an environmental cell. We find these particles are in a semisolid or glassy state based upon their behavior when exposed to mechanical pressure as well as their flow behavior. Further, we find that these aqSOA particles are poor depositional ice nuclei, in contrast to previous studies on simple mixtures of glassy organics. Additionally, we have studied the effect of ammonium sulfate on the phase, morphology, and ice nucleation behavior of the aqSOA. We find that the plasticizing effect of ammonium sulfate lowers the viscosity of the aqSOA, allowing the ammonium sulfate to effloresce within the aqSOA matrix. Upon humidification, the aqSOA matrix liquefies before it can depositionally nucleate ice, and the effloresced ammonium sulfate can act as an immersion mode ice nucleus. This change in the mode of nucleation is accompanied by an increase in the overall ice nucleation efficiency of the aqSOA particles.


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