While individuals carry out scientific research, their local, national, and international institutions also play an important role. This is particularly true in the case of marine science, where the vast scale and complexity of ocean resources demands not only cooperation among individuals and their institutions, but also an interdisciplinary approach that allows for interaction among fields such as physics and biology. Marine science also demands effective interaction between those who seek understanding of natural systems and their resources and those who wish to apply that understanding in utilizing those resources.
Warren S. Wooster & Sara F. Tjossem,
Scientific Cooperation in the North Pacific: The PICES Project,
San Diego Int'l L.J.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/ilj/vol6/iss1/10