Reflagged vessels and vessels flying flags of convenience (two phenomena that most often coexist) are frequent features in cases brought before the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS or the Tribunal). Of all the cases decided by the Tribunal, only the Southern Bluefin Tuna cases and the MOX Plant case had nothing to do with this phenomenon; and only the former, which concerns fishing, somehow involves ships.
Flags of Convenience before the Law of the Sea Tribunal,
San Diego Int'l L.J.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/ilj/vol6/iss1/9