Description

A recent concern in OECD countries is fertility rates falling below the replacement rate and how this decrease in the population will affect economic growth in the long run. Previous literature indicates income inequality, women?s labor force participation, and urbanization all contribute to the observed decreased in fertility rates. Focusing more directly on women?s tertiary education attainment, this issue becomes centered on social changes in gender roles and how this impacts the choice to have children. The regression model proposed suggests women?s tertiary education attainment will be negatively associated with fertility rates in these OECD nations. Theoretical analysis of 36 OECD nations from 2007 to 2016 indicates women with tertiary education have fewer children. With these results, policies can be implemented to promote raising fertility rates to the replacement rate to continue the economic success in OECD nations.

COinS
 

Women's Tertiary Education and Working Environment: The Determinants of Fertility Rate

A recent concern in OECD countries is fertility rates falling below the replacement rate and how this decrease in the population will affect economic growth in the long run. Previous literature indicates income inequality, women?s labor force participation, and urbanization all contribute to the observed decreased in fertility rates. Focusing more directly on women?s tertiary education attainment, this issue becomes centered on social changes in gender roles and how this impacts the choice to have children. The regression model proposed suggests women?s tertiary education attainment will be negatively associated with fertility rates in these OECD nations. Theoretical analysis of 36 OECD nations from 2007 to 2016 indicates women with tertiary education have fewer children. With these results, policies can be implemented to promote raising fertility rates to the replacement rate to continue the economic success in OECD nations.

 

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