An artificial island is a non-naturally formed, fabricated island created from material dredged from the sea bottom. This Article reviews the growing interest in international law of artificial islands. Artificial islands present three obstacles in international law: jurisdiction, freedom on the high seas, and construction on the continental shelf. The jurisdictional basis over artificial islands can be examined under existing concepts of international law, such as the legal vacuum theory and a contiguous zone basis for jurisdiction. This article concludes by proposing a legal regime for artificial islands under an exclusive coastal State authority.
Craig W. Walker,
Jurisdictional Problems Created by Artificial Islands,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol10/iss3/10