Almost every interesting dispute that arises under the law is the product of disagreement among reasonable and competent speakers of the language of the relevant provision. If the meaning of the provision is not clear, then, even if the facts are fixed, how the judge should proceed is a matter of controversy. The Author offers three main suggestions.
Samuel C. Rickless,
A Synthetic Approach to Legal Adjudication,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol42/iss2/5