…While some of the concern about gerrymandering is concern about the results that it leads to, some of the concern is that it is itself somehow objectionable—that it is undemocratic or unfair or foul play or what have you. If there is such an objection to incumbent protection gerrymandering, my best guess is that it violates conditions of proper representation or that it is corrupt. If there is such an objection to racial gerrymandering, my best guess is that it is wrongfully discriminatory. And if there is such an objection to partisan gerrymandering, my best guess is that it exploits asymmetric information about how participants in the electoral system will behave, thereby depriving some of equal opportunity for informed influence. In each case, especially the last, the objections depend on a number of contingent conditions.
What, If Anything, Is Wrong with Gerrymandering?,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol56/iss4/9