In this (very) short essay, I establish these points: All speech is symbolic; any conduct can be used to communicate a message (i.e., symbolically); government's purpose in regulating, and not a speaker's intention to communicate, defines the realm of freedom of expression; and determining the value of speech has a denominator problem.
Open Journal of Philosophy, 2015.
Alexander, Larry, "The Misconceived Search for the Meani of "Speech"in Freedom of Speech" (2015). Law Faculty Works. 21.