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Affordable Dense Urbanism through Accessory Dwelling Units

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The City of San Diego is undergoing its most profound housing crisis and is in dire need of 88,096 units to meet the high demand. This research focuses on finding possible solutions to the housing crisis in San Diego by analyzing its different neighborhoods in order to gain a more comprehensive view of the problem. The need for low and affordable homes is vital given only 30% of people can afford to own a house. A solution to the lack of affordable housing that has led to a housing crisis is the construction of Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs). An ADU is a dwelling less than 1,200 sq-ft and no more than 30 feet tall and can be used as a separate and rentable dwelling unit that sits above a standard garage. This research project produced an index of ADU's that are combined to produce city-approved plans and designs for homeowners to use throughout San Diego's neighborhoods. An ADU is compared to Tetris where different size rooms can be arranged within a confined space to create various open spaces and then stacked and adapted throughout San Diego. The usage of prefabricated cross laminated timber panels proves to be the most economic construction method. Fee waivers are being distributed by the city to provide homeowners an incentive to build and provide those in need with an affordable housing option. San Diego could construct 115,731 ADU's within the next year and provide a diverse stock of affordable, low-cost units.

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Affordable Dense Urbanism through Accessory Dwelling Units

The City of San Diego is undergoing its most profound housing crisis and is in dire need of 88,096 units to meet the high demand. This research focuses on finding possible solutions to the housing crisis in San Diego by analyzing its different neighborhoods in order to gain a more comprehensive view of the problem. The need for low and affordable homes is vital given only 30% of people can afford to own a house. A solution to the lack of affordable housing that has led to a housing crisis is the construction of Accessory Dwelling Units (ADUs). An ADU is a dwelling less than 1,200 sq-ft and no more than 30 feet tall and can be used as a separate and rentable dwelling unit that sits above a standard garage. This research project produced an index of ADU's that are combined to produce city-approved plans and designs for homeowners to use throughout San Diego's neighborhoods. An ADU is compared to Tetris where different size rooms can be arranged within a confined space to create various open spaces and then stacked and adapted throughout San Diego. The usage of prefabricated cross laminated timber panels proves to be the most economic construction method. Fee waivers are being distributed by the city to provide homeowners an incentive to build and provide those in need with an affordable housing option. San Diego could construct 115,731 ADU's within the next year and provide a diverse stock of affordable, low-cost units.