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Change of Venue Survey: An Analysis of Appellate Court Transcripts of Murder Trials from 2000-2020

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A court can move the location of the trial to another county if the jury is proven to be biased upon a motion of change of venue. This study surveyed change of venue motions to explore their prevalence and success rates by state. To determine which factors influenced the change of venue success rates, researchers studied court transcripts of appealed Murder convictions from all 50 US states during the 2000-2020 timespan gathered from Nexis Uni. The National success rate of change of venue for these cases was 23.5%, however, it was found that change of venue was filed and granted disproportionately across states. Additionally, the success rate varied by the race of the defendant, as white defendants were more likely to be successful compared to black and latinx defendants. Future research should widen search parameters to include cases not resulting in a conviction to determine if the changes of venue affected the outcomes of the trials.

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Change of Venue Survey: An Analysis of Appellate Court Transcripts of Murder Trials from 2000-2020

A court can move the location of the trial to another county if the jury is proven to be biased upon a motion of change of venue. This study surveyed change of venue motions to explore their prevalence and success rates by state. To determine which factors influenced the change of venue success rates, researchers studied court transcripts of appealed Murder convictions from all 50 US states during the 2000-2020 timespan gathered from Nexis Uni. The National success rate of change of venue for these cases was 23.5%, however, it was found that change of venue was filed and granted disproportionately across states. Additionally, the success rate varied by the race of the defendant, as white defendants were more likely to be successful compared to black and latinx defendants. Future research should widen search parameters to include cases not resulting in a conviction to determine if the changes of venue affected the outcomes of the trials.