Currently in the United States, there are three methods of conducting voir dire: (1) the federal judge controlled method, (2) the state combined judge and counsel method, and (3) New York counsel controlled method. This Comment examines the possible effects of California’s adoption of the federal method of voir dire by not only considering the arguments for and against voir dire by counsel, but also reviewing suggestions and alternatives. The Comment proposes using questionnaires for preliminary examination of veniremen and jury voir dire, conducting voir dire individually rather than collectively, examining veniremen in private, and submitting challenges in private.
Voir Dire in California Criminal Trials: Where Is It Going - Where Should It Go,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol10/iss2/10