San Diego Law Review

Library of Congress Authority File


Document Type



This Article discusses the nature of spatial and functional zones in the ocean, and their relation to the purposes of coastal-state and international jurisdictions. The author argues that advances in ocean technology, growing requirements for marine resources, and an increasing number of ocean users, have created the need for a functional and managerial approach to the exploitation of offshore resources and the use of ocean space. The author further argues that the boundaries which man has set in the ocean have generally inhibited such a development, because they carry with them an idea of separation or divisiveness, which has been transported from land boundary concepts. The author concludes by suggesting that the way to expand the existing framework and effectiveness of maritime boundaries is to view ocean boundaries as conceptually different from land boundaries.