This Article examines the Soviet Union's doctrine of the closed sea, under which the warships of all nonlittoral countries of certain designated peripheral seas would have no right to enter and navigate on those seas. The author analyzes the development of this doctrine and analyzes its application of this doctrine to the Black Sea, in light of recent historical developments and developments in the Law of the Sea.
Joseph J. Darby,
The Soviet Doctrine of the Closed Sea,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol23/iss3/8