In 1992, the Judicial Conference of the United States ("JCUS") adopted a resolution encouraging the examination of bias based on race, ethnicity, gender, age and disability in the federal judiciary. The Ninth Circuit responded to the JCUS resolution with a study of gender bias, completed in 1993.2 Subsequently, the Ninth Circuit Judicial Conference authorized a second study, establishing the Task Force on Racial, Religious, and Ethnic Fairness in 1993.' This study of pretrial detention in the Ninth Circuit was undertaken as part of the research commissioned by the Task Force.
Pretrial Detention in the Ninth Circuit,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol35/iss4/3