The Sixth Amendment right to a speedy trial applies to prosecutions in the federal courts and to state prosecutions through the Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clause. This constitutional right is probably the least favorite of the Bill of Rights, because it would satisfy most defendants if the government never - promptly or otherwise - disposed of their pending charges. One group of persons, though, who may regard the right to a speedy trial as important are convicted defendants currently serving sentences, but who have pending charges brought against them by other states or the federal government. For them, denying the right to speedy disposition of their pending charges can seriously interfere both with the nature and length of their incarceration.
Leslie W. Abramson,
Smith v. Hooey: Underrated But Unfulfilled,
San Diego L. Rev.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/sdlr/vol44/iss3/11