This Article will review the legal framework on the use of force and suggest that there are cases in which the use of "preemptive force" may be justified, provided that certain important conditions are satisfied. Parts III and IV will then apply this analysis to the two cases that have focused attention on the whole issue of preemptive action, namely, the threat from international terrorism (Part III) and the situation in Iraq (Part IV). The writer's conclusions are summarized in Part V.
International Law and the Pre-emptive Use of Force: Afghanistan, Al-Qaida, and Iraq,
San Diego Int'l L.J.
Available at: https://digital.sandiego.edu/ilj/vol4/iss1/3