Publication Date

Spring 5-11-2019

Document Type

Capstone project: Open access

Degree Name

MA Leadership Studies


Leadership Studies


In the past two decades, algorithm-based information technology has provided great convenience and a strong theoretical foundation for organizational leadership decision-making, since the analysis of contextual information from data analysis and mathematical models enhances decision-makers’ judgments. However, improper use and insufficient understanding of information technology also bring negative results throughout the practical application. To eliminate adverse effects, organization leader requires rigorous ethical demands. A case study for IBM and literature review constituted the paper’s methodology, analyzed through the East-West decision theory, the duality of information technology, and the ancient Chinese ethics. Also, the leadership ethics and the adaptive leadership theory established the theoretical basis for the argument, and the interpretation of ethics based on ancient Chinese from Yin and Yang theory set an alternative for organizational leaders to make optimal decisions.